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  • Annoying itch

    Getting to the bottom of that annoying itch… Skin conditions can be frustrating for everyone involved and once they have become chronic they can take a lot of unravelling to get to the un... Read More
  • Companion animal mobile service

    Bringing your pet into the clinic can be a very stressful experience for some pets and some pet owners. You may have multiple pets, mobility issues or just want the convenience of a vet visit to... Read More
  • Broken legs in dairy heifers

    This season there have been several herds in our area that have experienced front leg fractures in first calving heifers. The fractures have occurred around calving time or within a couple of we... Read More
  • Preparing rams for the mating season

    Getting your rams checked out to ensure that they are in top shape for tupping is a financially prudent decision compared to the costs involved if the rams don’t work! Sperm production in ... Read More
  • Eczema in livestock: what’s it all about?

    When we talk about eczema in livestock what we are really talking about is ‘photosensitivity’. Photosensitivity is sunlight-induced swelling, reddening, scabbing and/or peeling of wh... Read More
  • Velveting

    Velveting season is now upon us. Important points to consider this season are: ID TAGS The old plastic ‘cable tie’ tags are now obsolete and should not be used. Tags that are o... Read More
  • Lamb drenching 101

    Most New Zealand farm systems rely on some level of drench input into lambs to keep them alive and growing over their first year of life. Whether your lambs get one or two drenches with the luxu... Read More
  • The eyes have it

    We are proud to announce that Eyevet Services will be based out of the Feilding branch from the beginning of September. Eyevet Services is a referral ophthalmic service that provides facilities ... Read More
  • Replacement heifers

    Every spring we see groups of young heifers entering herds that are not quite where they need to be with respect to size, weight and body condition. We know the consequences of light heifers at ... Read More
  • ‘Crypto’ infection in calves

    Cryptosporidium in calves is caused by a parasite called Cryptosporidium parvum and is usually seen in calves less than six weeks old. Calves become infected by ingesting the oocytes (eggs) that... Read More
  • Walking dandruff?

    Walking dandruff (“cheyletiellosis”) in rabbits is caused by a common rabbit fur mite (Cheyletiella parasitovorax). They are nicknamed “walking dandruff” because these larg... Read More
  • That’s torn it

    Cranial cruciate ligament (CCL) disease is a common degenerative joint problem in dogs. It usually affects middle age and older dogs but is occasionally seen in dogs as young as two years old. ... Read More
  • Increasing reproductive performance

    Every year we are asked “How can I increase the reproductive performance of my herd?” We start by saying that every cow should be metrichecked and any infected cows treated - this ha... Read More
  • Drench resistance – state of the nation

    “Drench resistance a growing problem” – “Triple drench resistance an emerging issue – “Drench resistance a threat”: AgResearch These are a selection of ... Read More
  • Calf vaccination and mineral treatment

    Protecting your calves now protects the income from your herd down the line.   Leptospirosis (Lepto) Lepto is a bacterial disease that can affect most mammals. Although it does not of... Read More
  • Are your bulls up to the job?

    We have seen several bull team failures in the last few years, all of which were avoidable. For a hassle-free tailing up after AB has finished, please take heed of the following recommendations. ... Read More
  • Introducing Deb Prattley and Acuvet!

    We have been referring patients that have soft tissue injuries requiring physio and rehab, and older pets who are starting to get stiff and painful to Deb. Deb has qualifications in human osteop... Read More
  • Vaccinations - are they necessary?

    Horses are the most susceptible animal to this disease, 300 times more susceptible than your dog! We have lots of information in this newsletter about wounds and one of the potential side effect... Read More
  • Should I metricheck my herd?

    Infections of the uterus after calving At calving around 90% of cattle have a bacterial contamination of the inside of the uterus. In many cows the immune system will clear the contamination. So... Read More
  • Tetanus in dogs

    Tetanus is – fortunately! – an uncommon problem in dogs. The bacteria which causes tetanus ( clostridium tetani ) can lie dormant in the soil for many years. It usually enters the bo... Read More
  • Lungworm in cattle and deer

    We have had some reports in the lower North Island of lungworm in both deer and cattle this past autumn. This is most likely attributable to ideal conditions favouring larval development on pastur... Read More
  • Premating mineral levels

    It’s that time of year again and there is so much to think about. One of the subjects that gets a little lost in all the madness is mineral supplements. Minerals are important for cattle t... Read More
  • Stomach ulcers

    Stomach ulcers, also called gastric ulcers, in horses are quite common. The current estimate of prevalence is 90% in racehorses, 50% in foals, and 37-66% in sport and leisure horses.  A p... Read More
  • Colostrum – the key to good calf rearing

    Many dairy farmers understand the importance of feeding colostrum to their calves in the first few hours of life.   Each calf is born without immunity to disease and must instead absor... Read More
  • Updated calf regulations

    Over the last few years there has been updates in the animal welfare regulations particularly regarding calves. These were developed to strengthen the rules around young calf welfare.  Sinc... Read More
  • Splints

    A splint is a periosteal new bone formation, also called periosteal exostosis, that originates from the cannon and/or the splint bones. What causes it?   Symptoms   ... Read More
  • Wound wise

    Wounds are inevitable when keeping horses. Luckily they’re not all as bad. A lot of wounds can be treated by you, the horse owner. As vets we still regularly get called out to wounds that ... Read More
  • Rat bait poisoning

    Beware when you put out the rat bait to get rid of those pesky vermin. Most rat baits have a characteristic green dye, but dogs and cats have poor colour vision and may mistake it for a change of ... Read More
  • Iodine deficiency in sheep

    Iodine-dependent hormones produced by the thyroid gland are essential for growth and development of the foetus, and crucial for the survival of the newborn lamb. The foetus must produce his/her ... Read More
  • Caring for cows with facial eczema at calving

    My cows weren’t affected by facial eczema Often you won’t know how badly affected your cows were by facial eczema (FE) until calving time. FE is a disease of ruminants caused by a ... Read More
  • Dog breed profiles

    Click on the links below to find out more about your favourite dog breeds. The Bichon Frisé The Border Collie The Great Dane The Labrador  The Norwegian Elkhound ... Read More
  • Cat breed profiles

    Click on the links below to find out more about your favourite cat breeds. The Abyssinian The Bengal The British Blue The Burmese The Maine Coon The Siamese Th... Read More
  • Age and benefits of de-sexing

    The appropriate age to de-sex your pet doesn’t have a black and white answer. For most pets, the traditional age of six months is likely to be appropriate. In some cases it may be better t... Read More
  • Fresh vs frozen

    Over the next few months, Totally Vets will be running a trial to test out the effect of a different type of AI straw on conception rates in autumn calving dairy cows.  Over recent years Ta... Read More
  • The value of pet insurance

    A recent case reminded us of the value of insuring our pets from a young age. Casey (not her real name) is a Golden Retriever puppy that we had been seeing for her puppy vaccination course and a... Read More
  • What the itch?

    Contact vs environmental allergy You might hear these terms bandied about, and to be honest it can be difficult to differentiate between them, especially if the itch is only intermittent. Cont... Read More
  • Winter woes

    As the weather grows cooler and the days grow shorter, many of us struggle to fit the ‘101 things to do’ into our busy day. Unfortunately, in many cases the proverbial ball that is dro... Read More
  • Life-stage wellness: diagnostics

    Why is laboratory testing important for my pet? Veterinarians depend on diagnostics to help them understand the status of your pet's health. When your pet is sick, the results of laboratory tes... Read More
  • Fishing competition results 2019

    Bright and early in the morning of Saturday 30th March, boats were in the water at Whanganui eager to get out to the fish. The conditions were as close to perfect as you could get. There were ... Read More
  • Feline AIDS

    Totally Vets Feilding has been involved with the Alley Cat Trust recently, which traps and de-sexes stray cats. All these cats are tested for the FIV and FeLV prior to surgery. In the last month w... Read More
  • Talking points for sheep farmers

    Across our clinics, the discussion through March and into April has been facial eczema. Spore counts for much of the season were relatively low and when the warm rain came these counts peaked. F... Read More
  • Have you heard of RMPP Action Groups?

    Red Meat Profit Partnership (RMPP) is a Primary Growth Partnership programme whose aim is to help the red meat sector increase productivity and profitability. RMPP is funded by meat processors, ... Read More
  • Should we be worming our adult dairy cows?

    This is a question that we often debate and more often than not the answer is no. If I was to suggest to you that the banks were going to give you a return on your savings of 10:1, I think many wo... Read More
  • The importance of X-rays

    In recent years there have been great advances in the world of veterinary radiology (X-rays). As in the human world, many vet clinics have invested in digital radiography systems that have improve... Read More
  • Feeding your ewes in the autumn

    Well planned and managed feeding of ewes post weaning and in the period leading up to and around tupping is the first key step to successfully securing next seasons production.   On hi... Read More
  • Feeding dairy cows when it gets dry

    If we consider when we most often have to look at the implications of dry weather, it is in the months of January through to March (last year being an exception) so when thinking about how to mana... Read More
  • Don't shave your double coated dog

    When shaving a double coated dog there is no guarantee the top guard hairs will grow back normally. The undercoat continues to grow, but for some dogs the guard hairs never do. These dogs are left... Read More
  • Cruciate injury

    That niggly hind-limb lameness might be a cruciate injury. Your dog has just finished playing in the park with all her friends and comes back to you with an on again, off again hind-limb lamenes... Read More
  • The role of trace elements and vitamins in calves

    Directly after their birth, many calves have a serious deficiency of vitamins, minerals and trace elements. Milk feed alone often cannot provide sufficient nutrients.  Supplementary vitamin... Read More
  • What a difference a season makes

    The great weather of spring and early summer is now a memory as we adapt to farming in dry and then wet conditions. While many dairy farmers have great supplies of silage, we are seeing turnip c... Read More
  • How fat is my cow?

    Body condition scoring (BCS) is an assessment of a cow’s energy reserves. It provides a visual assessment of her “fatness” from which she can be categorised into a scale of 1-10 ... Read More
  • Milk quality after December

    Controlling the bulk milk somatic cell count BMSCC is a problem common to many herds in later lactation. All herds will experience a rise in BMSCC after December each year but the extent of this... Read More
  • Caring for the older generation

    When it comes to joints, it is very true that “rest equals rust” and “move it or lose it”. As your dog slows down he may not be able to walk or run as far as before: brea... Read More
  • Facial Eczema Risk Bulletin

    for week ended 26 May 2019   No. of sites monitored:   8     Average Spore Count:   145,000    Highest Spore Count: ... Read More
  • Canine Behavioural programme

    Be the person your dog needs you to be. This is quite a challenge to live up to in today’s fast paced demanding society for us as dog owners. Most of us are balancing many roles within our... Read More
  • Equine Quiz

    February 2019 1. Horses can develop tetanus when they lose their baby teeth (known as deciduous teeth): True False   2. Which statement is most correct? Horses’ tee... Read More
  • Equine case of the month

    As vets we never know what a day may bring. A large amount of our appointments aren’t pre-booked as they are first aid and emergency calls, making every day exciting and unpredictable! A f... Read More
  • Facial Eczema: Interesting new study data

    Have you noticed your horse has a runny nose or cough? Many people often get worried this time of year that their horses may get affected by facial eczema like other animals (cows, sheep, goats ... Read More
  • Is your zinc working?

    We are coming into the Facial Eczema (FE) season once again and typically we all look to monitor the spore counts to ensure we get our zinc going through before the spore counts jump up… bu... Read More
  • Growing top heifers

    The future productivity of a dairy herd hinges on the management of the replacement heifer calves. A lot of effort goes into breeding high genetic merit replacement calves. Inadequate rearing re... Read More
  • The changing face of chemical treatments

    Drench resistance is a common issue faced by farmers and there is a lot of awareness about it - there is less publicity regarding resistance in blowflies. This is a significant and emerging issu... Read More
  • Animal Welfare obligations are changing

    The Animal Welfare Act has recently been updated to include regulations on shelter, muzzles, collars, tail docking, removal of dew claws, dogs in cars, and dogs travelling on the back of vehicles.... Read More
  • DDSP / Epiglottic entrapment

    Dorsal Displacement of the Soft Palate (DDSP) is a performance-limiting condition of the throat. Mainly in racing during high-speed, it can cause horses to ‘choke down’. What is DDSP o... Read More
  • Diarrhoea in adult horse

    Diarrhoea can be caused by many things, from changes in grass composition to serious infections. Severity can range from faeces being a bit too soft, to a more life-threatening, profuse, undiges... Read More
  • Assessing pain in horses

    Pain has a function. It serves to warn and protect the body against (more) potential tissue injury so that the body is allowed to heal. Pain is therefore very important for survival. As riders and... Read More
  • Hoof care

    Hoof care is of paramount importance to a horse's health. No foot, no horse. Finding a farrier   Hoof growth and trimming   Hoof quality   Energy r... Read More
  • Lice in horses

    Lice are skin parasites that live on animals. Horses can get lice too. Once one horse gets lice, they can infect a whole herd. How can you recognise and treat?  Lice   Symptom... Read More
  • Your horse's weight & the Body Condition Score

    Just like in people, over- and underweight in horses can have serious health consequences. It can also be caused by an underlying health problem. Either way, a horse in healthy condition has a goo... Read More
  • Rain scald

    Rain scald, also called rain rot or “dermatophilosis”, is an infection of the skin, caused by the bacteria Dermatophilus congolensis . Dermatophilus is an oppertunistic bacteria. It... Read More
  • Equine dentistry

    Regular dental check-ups are essential to the general health of your horse. The health and condition of your horse starts with good nutrition . Good nutrition starts with healthy teeth that can... Read More
  • Kissing Spines

    Overriding dorsal spinous processes Kissing spines is a condition that can be quite debilitating. However, a new surgical treatment option may give horses a second chance. The horse's spin... Read More
  • Supplements

    In this article, you can read about: Why use a supplement, what to consider? Overdosing and nutrient balance: Selenium Calcium Phosphorus Magnesium Joint supplements... Read More
  • Insulin resistance

    Insulin resistance can lead to life-threatening health problems. What does insulin do and how do issues develop? How does it normally work? What is insulin resistance? How does a... Read More
  • Strategic worming

    Everyone wants to stay on top of their horse's health. Worming is part of the necessary preventative healthcare, just like vaccinations and dental care. However, there are some things eve... Read More
  • Equine Recurrent Uveitis (ERU)

    Equine Recurrent Uveitis (ERU) is a recurrent inflammation of the eye. ERU is the leading cause of blindness in horses. It can involve only one or both eyes. The disease can start at any age and i... Read More
  • Foaling

    Everyone loves foals and foaling time can be very exciting for horse owners. However, not every foaling goes the way it should. Problems can quickly arise and lead to loss of the foal or mare. The... Read More
  • Horse's joints and arthritis

    Many horse athletes develop some form of degenerative joint disease, also known as arthritis. What does a healthy joint look like and why does a joint develop arthritis? Why are hyaluronic acid (H... Read More
  • Laminitis and founder

    Laminitis can severely affect a horse's wellbeing. Horses of every breed, age and sex can get affected. Laminitis can lead to founder which can be life-threatening. So what happens exactly, why an... Read More
  • PPID

    PPID, previously known as Cushing’s disease, is a progressive disease that can have a wide range of symtoms. It is one of the leading causes of laminitis . What is PPID or Cushing&r... Read More
  • Pregnant mare management

    Here are some reminders on what to think about during a mare’s pregnancy. On average, a mare’s pregnancy takes about 335-342 days. Foals born before 320 days are usually premature an... Read More
  • Tack

    Not every saddle, bridle or bit fits every horse or rider. A professional fitter can help you choose the right gear. By knowing a few things about it yourself, you can have a functional conversa... Read More
  • Tendon injuries

    There are many factors that can lead to tendons injuries, such as poor conformation, shoeing, riding surface, training, etc. Tendon injuries can have a sudden and obvious onset (trauma, lameness... Read More
  • Roaring – laryngeal hemiplegia

    Roaring in horses can cause reduced performance. The official term is ‘laryngeal hemiplegia’, meaning total or partial paralysis of one side of the larynx.  Normal anatomy ... Read More
  • Equine sarcoids

    Sarcoids are a common skin tumour in horses and donkeys. They can present in many ways, occur singularly or multiple and on any part of the body. There is evidense that horses can be genetically p... Read More
  • The basics of a good diet

    It can be difficult to know what your horse's dietary needs are. Sometimes it seems simple enough if a horse has access to a lush paddock, but even then, deficiencies can very well develop with co... Read More
  • The basics of grass and pasture management

    Here are some basics about grass and pasture management that can really affect your horse's health. During the day grass uses sunlight to make sugars through photosynthesis. This means ... Read More
  • The senior horse

    As horses get older their body changes and they become more prone to senior health issues such as weight loss , dental issues , arthritis or PPID . Weightloss Dental probl... Read More
  • Vaccinations

    Tetanus Strangles Equine Herpes Virus Salmonella     Tetanus Vaccination schedule: two vaccinations four weeks apart, then a year later, then eve... Read More
  • Wounds

    Wounds are inevitable when keeping horses. Luckily, they’re not all as bad. A lot of wounds can be treated by you, the horse owner. When a your horse wounds itself, always assess the wound... Read More
  • Vitamin B1 deficiency in calves

    Vitamin B1 (thiamine) is a vitamin that is produced by bacteria in the rumen of cattle. Cattle have a daily requirement for thiamine and the bacteria will normally produce enough to meet this. L... Read More
  • Selenium in horses

    Selenium levels in soil are low in many parts of New Zealand, especially in the Manawatu region, which means that Selenium levels are low in grass, hay and haylage. Since forage is the main natura... Read More
  • TCI Vets

    So, you would like to breed your dog? You might see my face in Totally Vets building from time to time where I run my canine reproduction (breeding) business called TCI Vets.  I practiced ... Read More
  • Dog Knee brace

    This knee brace helps dogs with limping and joint pain for an improved quality of life. The knee brace reduces pain and swelling by improving balance among the muscle groups invo... Read More
  • Case of the month

    Meet Sam This is the story of Sam, a young heading dog who was hit by a car, while wandering lost in downtown Levin. It was late in the evening so the people who found him drove him all the way ... Read More
  • Summer Pet Safety Tips

    SUN PROTECTION Dogs that are white, light colour coated, pink skinned or hairless are susceptible to sunburn, so don’t forget the sunscreen. PROVIDE SHADE Prevent overheating by never ... Read More
  • Xylitol poisoning in dogs

    Do you use peanut butter to disguise pills for your dog, or have sugar free gum lying around?  Well, beware! Xylitol, a common sugar substitute, is potentially lethal to dogs! Xylitol can b... Read More
  • Foaling time

    When something’s off, newborn foals can deteriorate very quickly compared to adult horses. It’s important to have a good grasp of what’s normal and what isn’t, and assess... Read More
  • Worm management to weaning – ewes and lambs

    Last month we very quickly touched on drenching lambs . Here we continue the discussion… Ewes’ immunity to worms can ‘slip’ in late pregnancy and early lactation. Where... Read More
  • Lifestyle block facilities

    When owning large animals, it is important that good handling facilities are available. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you need to build some on your own property – consider borr... Read More
  • Theileria

    There have been many new cases of Theileria on farms in Manawatu this season. Most of the affected cows had a history of grazing off-farm over the winter (i.e. often outside of the region where ... Read More
  • The ewe from here

    A big cost to any breeding enterprise is the feed that is consumed by the dams. Ewes eat a lot to just maintain themselves. But the longer that they are not being fed above maintenance the less ... Read More
  • Reproductive well-being of your dairy herd

    A critical factor in the financial performance of your dairy herd is how effectively they become pregnant following calving. In the extreme, a cow that does not conceive means no milk next season ... Read More
  • BVD in beef herds

    On many of our farms BVD remains a much greater risk to productivity and animal health than the recent M. bovis outbreak.  BVD can appear and in many shapes and forms, or it can remain hidd... Read More
  • Lameness in dairy cows

    Lameness is an important issue for the dairy industry in New Zealand (NZ) with huge numbers of cows seen by veterinarians each year. A study from Taranaki published in 2008 found that the most c... Read More
  • Looking ahead

    Possible animal health issues and tasks to consider and reminders for November include…   Dairy Clinical mastitis – monitor cows and be particularly aware of rising bulk ... Read More
  • Winter working dog health

    Keeping working dogs warm overnight is an important aspect of husbandry that can sometimes be overlooked. When the ambient temperature inside the kennel drops below 20°C – not that cold!... Read More
  • Coccidia in dairy calves

    When meal feeding of dairy calves is discontinued and calves are grazing areas previously contaminated with coccidia oocysts, then this is the time we will see the effects of coccidia in younger s... Read More
  • Optimising velvet production from your stags

    Whilst much of the quality and yield of velvet from your stags is due to their genetics it is necessary to optimise feeding them at critical times to realise the full potential of the genetic prog... Read More
  • Book in your bulls

    Reduce the risk of introducing sub-fertile bulls to your herd by using our fertility testing service! Our testing provides assurance that your bull team is sound by collecting semen, for microsc... Read More
  • Equine dentals

    Answering your questions There are real differences between just floating teeth and having a thorough dental examination and floating (“odontoplasty”). A thorough dental examinatio... Read More
  • Laminitis vs founder

    Did you know the terms laminitis and founder do not mean the same thing? Some owners will describe their horse as foundering when their horse is actually suffering from laminitis. So, what&rsquo... Read More
  • Dairy herd drenching

    The question of whether to drench adult dairy cows raises some interesting points due to the conflict between drench sustainability and economic advantage. From a purely economic viewpoint there... Read More
  • The cost of calf scours

    Calf scours is an expensive and time-consuming disease which strikes at the busiest time of the year. Costs incurred involve not only treatment expenses and calf losses but also precious time cost... Read More
  • Calf disbudding – why is this important?

    To enable the humane, safe and effective management of animals, and to minimise tissue damage and pain, horns should be prevented from developing.   HEALTH AND SAFETY RISK Cattle w... Read More
  • Vaccination alert for rabbits

    In March and April of this year, a new strain of the Calicivirus was released throughout New Zealand. The current Cylap vaccine was shown in Australia to provide protection against this strain. ... Read More
  • SDMA testing and kidney disease

    Kidney disease is an unfortunately common condition that we see in veterinary medicine, with one in three cats and one in ten dogs suffering from renal issues. The prognosis for these anima... Read More
  • Kennel cough outbreak

    If you haven’t already heard, there has been a kennel cough outbreak around Feilding over the last few weeks. Unvaccinated dogs are getting hit hard, and even some vaccinated dogs are gett... Read More
  • Veterinary blood work

    Most of us have had blood tests done at some point in our lives - and blood testing is sometimes needed in your pets as well. When you bring your pet to the clinic because he/she isn’t fee... Read More
  • Palpating the ram

    Why do we do it and what are we looking for? Often in summer you can find your vet hunkered down in a race behind a line of woollies, what are we doing? We are palpating rams. This involves chec... Read More
  • Targeted Selective Treatment

    Protecting drench performance in cattle systems In the sheep industry we’ve had more than a decade of activity aimed at prolonging the useful life of the anthelmintic drenches that are so ... Read More
  • Spring lambs

    Across the practice there is great variation in when lambing starts; however, no matter when, docking is a key event. If you have vaccinated your ewes two to four weeks pre-lamb with a 5-in-1 b... Read More
  • Spring grass

    Spring is knocking on our door and that lush green grass is starting to emerge. Spring grass can cause a variety of issues including; colic, diarrhoea, insulin resistance, behavioural problems a... Read More
  • Develveting Stags

    The develveting season: points to consider ... Animal issues The key is to minimise stress and damage to velvet and stag. Draft stags into mobs as buttons drop so stags are more settled at... Read More
  • Meet Milo

    There was talk around work that Milo needed rehoming because he couldn’t handle sharing his family with other cats and would pee inside. I thought nothing of it, until one day, he hitched ... Read More
  • The sleepy ewe

    Do you have high levels of twin bearing ewes? Is your farm a bit tight on feed this year? Then your flock might be at risk of sleepy sickness (AKA pregnancy toxaemia or twin lamb disease). Sleep... Read More
  • Spring time vet appointments

    With the busy spring season upon us here’s a quick reminder of the requirements our customer service staff need to provide appropriate/efficient service when booking a veterinarian. Of cou... Read More
  • Peri-calving mastitis

    Peri-calving mastitis is defined as a case of mastitis in the first seven days post-calving, and often occurs due to oedematous (swollen) udders and dripping milk. Prevention involves   ... Read More
  • Winter and the horse’s hoof

    Feet issues are very common in the winter months due to the relentless wet.  Common problems we see include: Foot abscesses Often also referred to as stone bruises, these are essentia... Read More
  • Johne's disease

    Johne’s is a contagious, chronic and sometimes fatal infection caused by the organism Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis. The term ‘Johne's disease' is used only to ... Read More
  • Mycoplasma bovis

    Mycoplasma bovis (M. bovis) is one of 126 species of the genus Mycoplasma. It is the smallest living cell and is anaerobic in nature. As it does not contain any cell wall it is resistant to pe... Read More
  • Lameness in farm dogs

    Lameness is one of the most common presenting causes of working farm dogs to the vet clinic. Lameness refers to unevenness in the gait due to an inability to move one or more limbs normally with s... Read More
  • Lame weaner deer

    One of the main causes of lameness in weaner deer is from a bacterium called Fusobacterium necrophorum . This organism enters an abrasion or cut on the lower leg or foot and causes an infection... Read More
  • Biosecurity and your neighbours

    Infectious diseases can challenge the performance and threaten the lives of animals. This risk can extend across fence lines, so unless your farm is bordered on all sides by roads and/or rivers, o... Read More
  • Mid-winter shearing

    These days there are many different shearing programs, and commonly these programs involve the shearing of pregnant ewes during the winter. There are many potential benefits of shearing ewes i... Read More
  • Bloat (GVD) in dogs

    Bloat, also known as gastric dilatation-volvulus (GDV), is a potentially fatal condition in dogs, where the stomach twists and becomes engorged with air and froth.  GDVs are most common in la... Read More
  • Have you updated your details?

    If you move house, don’t forget to update your microchip information. If your pet is microchipped and has been registered with the NZ Companion Animal Register (NB this is different from c... Read More
  • The dangers in your compost bin

    Most pet owners know that chocolate, grapes, and raisins are toxic to our canine friends. Other potentially toxic foods include avocados, garlic and onions. What most dog owners don’t realiz... Read More
  • Tail docking and dewclaw removal

    In 2017, the Government announced a plan to ban non-therapeutic tail docking and restrict the removal of dew claws in Dogs in New Zealand.  The new laws will come into effect by October 2018.... Read More
  • Microchipping and registration for dogs

    Did you know that, by law, all dogs must be registered with the local Regional Council? Puppies should first be registered by the time they are three months old ; any newly acquired dog over th... Read More
  • Emergency! ... or not?

    Have you ever been at the vet clinic in the small hours of the morning for something that wasn't as bad as it seemed?  Wouldn't it be great to have a better knowledge of what constitutes an u... Read More
  • Cat microchipping

    You may not be aware that, as well as dogs, cats can be microchipped too. It is now a legal requirement for some dogs to be microchipped (see our article - ‘Microchipping and registration... Read More
  • Equine gastric ulcer syndrome

    Equine gastric ulcer syndrome (EGUS) refers to the presence of ulcers (a localized erosion) in the stomach of the horse.  The horse's stomach is divided into two parts: the upper ha... Read More
  • Equine metabolic syndrome

    Does your pony (or horse) have an abnormally cresty neck?  Is he more difficult than most to keep trim, or prone to developing laminitis or grass founder? If this sounds like your equine co... Read More
  • Perennial ryegrass staggers

    This seasonal condition is caused by lolitrem, a fungal toxin that’s produced by an endophyte fungus found in ryegrass pastures. Ryegrass staggers is therefore different from "staggers" in c... Read More
  • Grass founder

    Founder (or laminitis) is a debilitating and painful condition of horses, ponies and donkeys.  There are a number of conditions such as colic, retained membranes, grain gorging and obesity th... Read More
  • Teatseal

    As we head towards drying off, now is the time to consider your options for treatment and prevention of mastitis using dry cow antibiotic and/or teatseal. With the increasing awareness of anti... Read More
  • Farm dog vaccinations

    Vaccinations are a critical part of maintaining the health of your working team, as much as regular worming and flea treatments. Even if no other dogs come onto your property, parvovirus (parvo)... Read More
  • Interpreting feed analyses

    We have been asked by many farmers over my years of clinical practice to explain and interpret feed analyses of varying products. Here we will focus on pasture and silage ... Dry matter (DM) ... Read More
  • Salmonella in sheep

    Over the years, Salmonellosis (mostly S. hindmarsh) has devastated Manawatu ewe flocks during the late summer/early autumn period. It is common for farms to experience outbreaks after a dry spel... Read More
  • Puppy strangles

    Molly was a cute wee 10 week old Labrador pup when she came to the clinic for a red inflamed rash around her eyes and muzzle.  She was given a course of antibiotics for a suspected bacterial ... Read More
  • Cat flu

    “My cat went into the cattery and come out with the ‘flu! He was vaccinated! What went wrong?” We hear this comment every so often, and it certainly is frustrating for owners w... Read More
  • Lily poisoning

    Ginger Ninja is a gorgeous loveable puss that lives with one of our flower loving nurses. He is a character, does forward rolls, isn’t too fazed by much, but he isn’t the most intellig... Read More
  • Puppy Preschool

    Just as society expects our children to have good manners, we also need to teach our puppies how to behave in different situations, so that they grow into friendly and confident adult dogs. Pupp... Read More
  • Puppy Primary

    As well as our hugely popular Puppy Preschool, did you know we also offer Puppy Primary classes? This course follows directly on from Puppy Preschool, has been designed and is taught by Sandy.... Read More
  • Protein supplementation

    Proteins are chains of amino acids and are found in all the cells of the body as structural components (especially muscle) but are also broken down to be used in DNA, enzymes, hormones, the immune... Read More
  • Totally Groomed

    The grooming team are a passionate and experienced team who strive to ensure your pet's comfort and happiness while they are here and ensure they leave the salon looking their very best. ... Read More
  • De-sexing your pet

    The decision to de-sex your pet is a responsible and sensible one to make.  Some debate exists about the right age to carry out surgery.  Recent studies have been carried out to determin... Read More
  • Yersiniosis

    As  Yersinia is everywhere it is not possible to eradicate - so we must manage around it. Yersiniosis is a bacterial disease that can cause severe scouring and death in young deer.  ... Read More
  • Barber's pole management

    Asked at a discussion group meeting; how does barber's pole infection kill so many sheep? The answer was... Having some knowledge of barber's pole worm ( Haemonchus contortus ), and its debili... Read More
  • Sheep measles

    Do you know your dog could be costing farmers money? Dogs are part of the lifecycle of a tapeworm called  Cysticercus ovis.  This worm causes ‘sheep measles'. Dogs become infec... Read More
  • Feeding working dogs

    With the long and busy days associated with weaning just around the corner, now is a good time to reassess how we feed our biggest on farm assets - our team of working dogs. Working dog nutritio... Read More
  • Orphan lambs

    Hypothermia frequently occurs in newborn lambs, especially when the weather is bad or they don't get a feed of colostrum within the first few hours of life. If a lamb will suckle it should be ... Read More
  • Salmonella in cattle

    The annual occurrence of Salmonella outbreaks is common, particularly in spring calving herds when a cow is at its most susceptible late in pregnancy, or in the month or two after calving. Salmo... Read More
  • Retired Working Dog Adoption

    We work with Retired Working Dog Adoption New Zealand to help treat and rehome working dogs that are retired through age or injury. Recently working dog Midge presented with a badly broken femur... Read More
  • Hip dysplasia

    Hip dysplasia is a complex disease primarily involving genetic conformation of the hip joint. Growth rate, especially in the first 60 days of life, and the mineral composition of the diet fed duri... Read More
  • How vaccines work

    When bacteria or viruses enter the body, whether it be human or animal, the immune system kicks in to fight it off. It does this by producing antibodies which fight the invader and protect against... Read More
  • Zinc supplementation

    In New Zealand, interest and research in zinc have mainly been for the purposes of facial eczema control.  However, zinc (Zn) is also an essential trace element required for a wide range of... Read More
  • Great goats

    As something a little different this month, we decided to do an interview with one of our more unique clients and gain some insight into a day in the life of a dairy goat... enter Scott Fraser! ... Read More
  • Drought

    Drought A drought is when there's a rainfall deficit over an extended period of time which restricts or prevents a human activity such as farming or power generation . Extended dr... Read More
  • Nitrate poisoning

    A call was received in late spring to a farm where a herd was falling over, several had died and many were having trouble breathing. The client had held his cows back and had released the... Read More
  • Brucellosis in rams

    Brucellosis is a bacterial disease caused by members of the genus Brucella. It is an important zoonosis and is a significant cause of reproductive losses in animals. The disease is most commo... Read More
  • Poisonous Plants & Toxic Compounds

    Listed below are some of the most commonly encountered poisonous plants and toxins that cause issues with companion animals and livestock. If you are concerned that your animal has had access to... Read More
  • Horses and spring-time management

    Horses and all things spring Spring has sprung and, from an equine point of view, there are some key things to consider. These include vaccinations, dentals, feeding, worming and, for some, foal... Read More
  • Transition time

    Traditionally the period from three to four weeks before calving through to three to four weeks following calving has been considered the transition period. This period is when as much as eig... Read More
  • Deer scanning

    Pregnancy scanning deer - Scanning of hinds is highly recommended if you want to get the most out of your fawning. It can be used as a tool to remove empty hinds to save feeding them over... Read More
  • Sheep scanning

    Scanning percentage is the key indicator of how efficient a sheep flock has performed over the mating period. Making use of scanning data can help reduce ewe wastage, lamb losses and improve lam... Read More
  • Horse hoof quality

    The old adage "no hoof, no horse" sums it up ... Good quality hoof horn is dry, hard, tough and not brittle, soft or spongy. Nutrition, environmental conditions, drugs and trauma can all have an e... Read More
  • Drenching deer

    We know that to reduce the rate of development of resistant worms, combination anthelmintic products are better than single active. The problem with drenching of deer is that no combination prod... Read More
  • Working dog worries

    To operate or not? One of your best dogs pulls up lame, he has ruptured all the ligaments in his hock and the surgery to fix it is going to be expensive. The key question is; what are the chance... Read More
  • Horse dental care

    Having regular dental check ups are essential to the on-going health of your horse. The general health and condition of your horse starts with good nutrition, however optimising good nutrition r... Read More
  • Hogget mating

    Mating is not too far off into the future. With ewe hogget mating there are a number of pros and cons that need to be considered, and a number of best practice on farm actions that are required be... Read More
  • Trace minerals

    There are many complex interactions and influencing factors affecting both the uptake and utilisation of trace elements at the soil, plant and animal level. All these factors, along with the far... Read More
  • Zoonoses

    Zoonoses... Diseases humans can get from animals Zoonoses are defined as infections which are naturally transmitted between animals and people . Because of the risk to their own health, peopl... Read More
  • Taking your cat to the vet

    Cats are territorial creatures and rarely ever leave their home; when they do it usually means they're going to one of two places - the vet or the cattery. Therefore when a cat is put into a cag... Read More
  • Storm

    Storm Jessica Holly Meet Stormy ("Lady Grey"), my 3 year-old ball of gorgeous grey fluff.  Storm had a very rough start to life after falling ill at a pet store, and t... Read More
  • Acana food

    ACANA dog and cat food Totally Vets is proud to stock ACANA , made by award-winning Canadian pet food company Champion.   ACANA is a premium food for any pet; however it can b... Read More
  • Skin infections

    "Hot Spots" or superficial bacterial pyoderma are caused by Staphylococci bacteria and are normally seen in the hot summer months. These bacteria are present on the skin normally, but under ... Read More
  • The mineral muddle

    Mineral deficiencies are frequently blamed as a cause of poor production and reproduction within dairy herds and many who drive up the tanker track will claim to have the "silver bullet" that will... Read More
  • Ewe metabolic disease

    Sleepy sickness and milk fever are metabolic diseases seen in sheep, most often affecting in-lamb ewes in the last few weeks before lambing. Sudden changes in feed, either feed type or grazing... Read More
  • Preventing leptospirosis in your dog

    The case of a sick sheepdog and the conundrum of Leptospirosis (Lepto) vaccinations that may help you make up your mind about vaccinating! Gus (not his real name) was working in the sun for only... Read More
  • Bite wounds

    Bite wounds have been described by one veterinary emergency specialist as "a combination of a crushing injury and a stab wound with the injection of some really nasty oral and faecal bacteria."&nb... Read More
  • Litter training

    Mastering the litter tray Most kittens are very easy to litter train and may already have learned by watching their mother by the time you get them home.  However, there are a few simple ti... Read More
  • The Dachshund

    The long and the short of it The name Dachshund is of German origin and means "badger dog". Because of their long narrow build they are often nicknamed ‘the sausage dog'. Dachshunds ac... Read More
  • Credence

    How clean is your water? Quality drinking water is essential for all animals and in most rural areas we rely on rain water, bores or dams for our household and stock water. Contamination of... Read More
  • Why neuter your working dog?

    Historically, working dogs haven't been desexed for two reasons: to see if they will be good workers and potential breeding stock; and the belief that they will become ‘lazy' after neutering... Read More
  • 'GO SLOW' alert

    Although having been seen mainly in Northland, our local laboratory has issued a warning about an unexplained condition, nicknamed "Go Slow", that has been seen in working and pig dogs. The ... Read More
  • Feeding bones to dogs

    It is common practice on farm for owners to feed bones to their working dogs. Although bones can provide a source of extra nutrients and boost dental health, they should be fed with caution as the... Read More
  • Diet related laminitis

    The effects of lush, carbohydrate-rich spring grass on our equine friends are well recognised and many of you will be aware of potential risks of diet related laminitis (inflammation of the soft t... Read More
  • The Pekingese

    Lion Dog The Pekingese is an ancient breed of toy dog originating from China. It is known as a Lion Dog as it resembles Chinese guardian lions. The breed is over 2000 years old and during this... Read More
  • The Bengal

    The Busy Bengal The Bengals ‘wild cat' appearance was originally created by crossing the Asian Leopard Cat with the domestic cat. People far and wide are fast falling in love with this b... Read More
  • Guinea pigs (cavies)

    A fascinating thing we find about guinea pig babies is that they come out looking exactly like a smaller version of their parents - they have a complete coat and their eyes are open.&nbs... Read More
  • The Westie

    The story goes that the West Highland White Terrier, or "Westie" as they are commonly known, came about from breeding the white puppies thrown from Scottish and Cairn Terriers.  A sprinkle of... Read More
  • Dog breed behaviour

    Are all dogs the same, just packaged differently? While all breeds are similar in their pure intelligence, there are enormous differences between breeds for the development of certain characteri... Read More
  • Minimum requirements for beef cows

    Even though breeding cows on hills are generally considered to be the flexible stock class on those hills, to not allow them to meet some minimum objectives consigns them to be low earners. Much... Read More
  • Teaching cats to love their carriers

    Did you know cats are becoming increasingly popular as pets, and in the UK are now outnumbering dogs? This means that the number of cats visiting vet clinics is also increasing. Visiting the vet... Read More
  • The Great Dane

    A gentle giant The Great Dane is one of the world's tallest dogs, and was originally bred to hunt deer and wild boar. It is thought that the breed developed through cross-breeding between the ... Read More
  • Weight-loss in our senior pets

    As our pets age, we sometimes notice they are also looking thinner than usual.  Many people think that weight loss is part of the natural ageing process, but this is not the case.  A n... Read More
  • The Bichon Frise

    Did you know its French name actually means exactly what it is - a curly white lap dog! The Bichon is an appealing breed to many who love the small compact body, baby-doll face and fluffy white ... Read More
  • Wound healing - to stitch or not to stitch?

    A recent case illustrated an excellent outcome of successful wound management.  Overall outcomes may range from excellent, as can be seen in these photos of a wound to the head of a foal, to ... Read More
  • Broodmare health

    Prior to breeding, we recommend ensuring your mare's general health and reproductive health is optimal, thereby increasing her chances of getting pregnant and delivering a healthy foal next year.&... Read More
  • The hardest goodbye

    Making the decision to euthanase an animal is never an easy one, regardless of the circumstances. There are many reasons why a client may call us to arrange a euthanasia, and Totally Vets will res... Read More
  • The Abyssinian

    Clown of the cat kingdom It is not exactly known when or where the Abyssinian first appeared, however many sources repeat the story that the breed is a few thousand years old and comes from anci... Read More
  • Cellulitis in the horse

    Cellulitis is a generalised infection of the subcutaneous tissue underneath the skin.  It usually involves the lower half of the limbs and is often only in the one leg. Horses usually prese... Read More
  • Worm control for your horse

    Parasite control can become a burden on both horses and their owners, so here are a few basic concepts to consider when thinking about drenching your horse(s). In the past, we have relied on fae... Read More
  • Bitch spey

    "Ahhh what a beautiful day" I think to myself as I clamber out of my basket, have a doggie stretch and then ask my mum for breakfast ... and that's when she starts to explain. I hear her say the... Read More
  • Meet the nurses' pets!

    Meet the nurses' pets! After caring for your pets all day long, the Totally Vets vet nurses then go home to their own four (or two!) legged friends.  We would like to introduce... Read More
  • Neonatal Isoerythrolysis

    Neonatal Isoerythrolysis (NI) is a disease of foals less than a week of age.  The disease causes illness in foals ranging from weakness to death, through destruction of the foal's red blood c... Read More
  • Corneal ulcers of the eye

    Ulceration is the most common corneal problem and frequently poses a substantial threat to vision because subsequent infection can rapidly lead to devastating and painful ocular disease. A corne... Read More
  • The British Blue

    The British Blue is a member of the cat breed British Shorthair. The breed evolved by interbreeding cats brought to Britain by the Romans with the wild native cats. More crossbreeding with Persian... Read More
  • Strangles

    Just hearing the word Strangles is enough to make any horse owner shudder.  Strangles is present in New Zealand, and cases are seen in the Manawatu.  A good understanding of the diseas... Read More
  • Managing Johne's disease

    Johne's disease (JD) is an intestinal disease causing progressive weight loss, sometimes with scouring, leading to emaciation and eventual death. JD affects any age of deer from weaning through ... Read More
  • The Rottweiler

    The Rottweiler originated in Rottweil, Germany and was used not only to herd and protect stock but also pulled the butchers cart to market.  The money pouches were carried around the dog's ne... Read More
  • A horse called Wanda

    A long time ago, the year before I started vet school, I bought a horse called Wanda as a project and potential investment. Many of you will know that trying to make money from dealing horses is e... Read More
  • The Maine Coon

    The gentle giant The Maine Coon is native to the state of Maine, North America and is one of their oldest breeds. Many theories surround the Maine Coon's ancestral origins but it is generally ... Read More
  • Coughs and colds

    Viral respiratory disease is a major cause of poor performance in horses.  Most equine coughs and colds in New Zealand are caused by viral respiratory infections, of which the most common is ... Read More
  • Respiratory disease in performance horses

    Respiration can be defined as the process that enables animals to exchange carbon dioxide, the primary product of cellular energy production, for fresh air i.e. breathing. The anatomical structu... Read More
  • The Norwegian Elkhound

    The Norwegian Elkhound, or ‘moose dog', is the national dog of Norway. It is a strong and hardy breed which enables it to deal with the sub-zero climate and challenging terrain. Despite it... Read More
  • Poor performance

    There are a number of reasons why your horse may not be performing up to expectations. The first thing to decide is whether your expectations are realistic. Has the horse performed to a hig... Read More
  • Sunburn

    After the stunning sunny days, we have been treated to so far this November, it is important to remember to slip, slop, slap. Yourself and your horse! Horses and ponies with pink noses are at a ... Read More
  • Why vaccinate?

    Vaccination is a simple and effective way to give your horse the best protection against a number of diseases.  It is important for those horses competing, racing or even coming in contact ... Read More
  • The annual health check

    Veterinarians and clients have been sold on the annual visit for ‘shots' for decades - usually prompted by the need to have a valid vaccination certificate for boarding kennels during the an... Read More
  • The Sphynx Cat

    While the lack of coat on a Sphynx is not your average cat lover's cup of tea, this rare breed does have its admirers. Many cats can tend to be aloof towards their owners but the Sphynx however ... Read More
  • The Border Collie

    Keep your Border Collie busy! The Border Collie was originally called the ‘Scotch Sheep Dog' and originated in Northumberland. They are most commonly known for their black and white coats ... Read More
  • Mud fever - dermatophilosis

    Dermatophilosis is a major winter hazard for horses.  It is an infectious disease caused by bacteria that are harboured within the scabs on the skin of infected horses and/or in the soil. T... Read More
  • Magnesium in beef cows

    Magnesium is required for optimal rumen fermentation. Ruminants deficient in magnesium have lowered cellulose digestion in the rumen resulting in reduced appetite and total nutrient intake.  ... Read More
  • Colic

    The word colic simply refers to the presence of abdominal pain.  There are a multitude of colic causes and a spectrum of severity associated with these. The signs of colic are often vague a... Read More
  • No. 8 HR service

    A human resource service for the dairy farm Recognising that recruiting good people and managing them well is a significant component of a successful dairy farming business, Intelact have develo... Read More
  • Alpaca vaccinations

    Much has been written and said about when to vaccinate alpacas.  However, the fact is that no one knows the appropriate schedule because no challenge studies have been undertaken in which cam... Read More
  • Bull fertility testing

    Totally Vets offers a comprehensive bull fertility testing service. It is estimated that based on semen quality alone, 1% of sale bulls and 5% of commercial bulls are unsound for mating (Tatters... Read More
  • The Siamese

    Thai for ‘moon diamond’ Siamese cats were first officially exported from Thailand, once known as the exotic Siam, in the late 1800s.   The Siamese are said to be descendants o... Read More
  • Radiography

    We perform soft tissue and orthopaedic radiography.  Our x-ray systems mean that we obtain fast, consistent and quality images. In order to be x-rayed, your pet will usually need to be... Read More
  • Intestinal problems of working dogs

    Intestinal problems - canine calamities part I Good working dogs are invaluable farm hands, working tirelessly all day without complaint. They deserve the best care they can get so you can get t... Read More
  • Preparing your older horse for winter

    With the winter months not too far away, it is time to start thinking about preparing your horse for winter. For those older equines, a little extra support may be needed.   Nutrition A... Read More
  • Dear Donkey...

    From a vet's perspective, donkeys are very similar to horses in many respects. However, there are some important differences that go beyond the obvious things that anyone can see from across the p... Read More
  • The Burmese

    The dog of the cat world The Burmese cat (in Thai meaning fortunate, beautiful and splendid) is a breed of domesticated cat with two subsets - American and British. Most modern Burmese are des... Read More
  • The Terrier

    Terrific terriers! Terriers originated from Great Britain and were developed to hunt and kill vermin.  The desired traits in these breeds were the ability to dig up the underground dens and... Read More
  • Picking the perfect puppy

    Food for thought - before you get a puppy There are some important things to take into consideration before thinking about getting a puppy, so that once you ‘take the plunge' you and your ... Read More
  • The Labradors

    Labrador retrievers - the good, the bad and the hungry The Labrador retriever is a very popular breed of choice throughout the world as they have the reputation of being very mellow, an excellen... Read More
  • Broodmare management

    In order to facilitate the management of spring broodmares at the start of the breeding season (1st September for Thoroughbreds), the following checklist is essential. Dry Mares Pre-m... Read More
  • From the horses mouth

    Looking a gift horse in the mouth... During a thorough dental examination, several oral conditions are commonly seen. These conditions can cause discomfort to the horse and result in weight loss... Read More
  • Injection technique

    How to give your horse intramuscular injections Safety First Only give drugs as directed by your vet If you are having trouble giving the drug as directed, please give your vet a call to d... Read More
  • Feeding your pigs

    Some nutrition basics for pigs Pigs are efficient converters of feed to liveweight. They have a single stomach very similar to our own, so do not cope very well with bulky fibrous feeds, pa... Read More
  • The barren mare

    A barren mare is a mare that is not pregnant at the end of the breeding season. It is advisable to perform a pre-breeding examination on these mares before the start of the breeding season to iden... Read More
  • Reproduction in pigs

    One of the big advantages of farming pigs is their ability to reproduce. Sows can produce over two litters per year with in excess of 20 piglets weaned. This is a very high reproductive rate com... Read More
  • Caring for the newborn foal

    It is important to recognise normal behaviour in your foal so that you can identify problems early on and call us if you have any concerns. A healthy foal should: be sitting up on its sternu... Read More
  • Foot abscesses

    Foot abscesses are the most common cause of acute lameness in horses. They can cause a very severe lameness and may even be mistaken for a fracture. Abscesses occur when bacteria make their way ... Read More
  • When to wean a foal

    There is no standard answer to the question of when a foal is ready to be weaned. Normally, weaning can be successfully undertaken from 3 to 8 months of age. Weaning is a two-way process with bo... Read More
  • Internal parasites of alpaca

    Generally, alpacas are susceptible to internal parasites in much the same way that cattle and sheep are. Alpacas share some internal parasites with both sheep and cattle but not all from either.... Read More
  • Cria care

    Crias are usually born (unpacked) without any problems, however, it is important to ensure that the cria has immediate access to colostrum Intervene as early as possible if you suspect... Read More
  • Dental care of alpaca

    In their natural environment, alpacas use their incisors to 'rasp' away moss and lichens growing on rocky surfaces and this keeps a check on the rapidly growing incisors. In New Zealand, the diet ... Read More
  • Alpaca & facial eczema

    Facial Eczema and alpacas - summer and autumn risk Alpacas are very susceptible to the toxic effects of facial eczema spores and high risk periods occur during the summer and autumn. The spore... Read More
  • Horses and tetanus

    Tetanus is caused by Clostridial bugs that are present everywhere in the soil and many animals (sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, alpacas etc) are often routinely vaccinated to protect them from it.&nbs... Read More
  • Guinea pigs and vitamin C

    Guinea pigs, like humans but unlike all other domestic animals, cannot make their own vitamin C. Other mammals have an enzyme which helps the body produce vitamin C, but guinea pigs and ... Read More
  • Importance of deer nutrition

    It has been shown that post-rut nutrition influences future velvet weight.  As nutritional requirements peak immediately after the roar and during antler growth, maximum velvet weights will n... Read More
  • Size of yearlings at sale time

    Selling yearlings at auction is all about producing horses that are appealing to buyers.  But what do buyers want? Many factors such as pedigree, conformation and racing performance of sibl... Read More

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